Bruxism is an unconscious movement of teeth friction (grinding), classified as a neuromuscular disorder. This squeaking occurs mostly during sleep and is also associated with episodes of jaw tightening (clenching). Dental malocclusions, anxiety, psychosocial factors, and genetics appear to be among the potential bruxism amplifying elements.
What may cause bruxism?
Dental malocclusions, anxiety, psychosocial factors and genetics appear to be among the potential bruxism amplifying elements.
What are the consequences of this condition?
Bruxism has many negative effects on dental health and overall health that will particularly target the most vulnerable points of the head and neck.
- Enamel damage, premature wear and abrasion of teeth (premature aging)
- Increased risk of tooth fracture or dental restorations
- Generalized dental sensitivity up to severe pain, without observed dental problems
- Long-term stability of orthodontic treatment may be affected
- Gingival recession, loss of attachment (gum, ligaments and bone supporting the teeth)
- Teeth mobility, sometimes leading to their loss
- Increased risk of implant failure
Head and neck effects:
- Muscle pain in the jaw, cheeks, neck and shoulders
- Sudden, violent and involuntary spasms or contractions of the chewing muscles
- Headaches, chronic fatigue upon waking up
- Earaches, tinnitus and/or dizziness
- Pain around the eyes
- Migraine triggers in some cases
In addition, some may develop temporomandibular joint problems such as pain, cracking, jaw dislocation, difficulty opening the mouth or even yawning comfortably.
Often a person may experience one or more of the above symptoms depending on their particular areas of weakness. Such a situation may vary from one person to another.
What are the possible solutions to grinding and clenching?
- Wearing a night guard (Balanced occlusal plate)
- Night deprogrammer (NTI)
- Major teeth occlusal balancing (minor adjustment to the chewing surface of one or several teeth)
- In some cases, making use of orthodontic treatment to eliminate dental interference that aggravates grinding Additional alternative treatments (Physiotherapy, osteopathy, jaw massage therapy)
Our experienced team will help you decide on the most appropriate treatment for you.